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Qiushi Journal | 完善香港选举制度的主要内容

  完善香港选举制度的主要内容

  Revisions to Hong Kong’s electoral system

  2021年3月11日,中华人民共和国第十三届全国人民代表大会第四次会议通过《全国人民代表大会关于完善香港特别行政区选举制度的决定》。2021年3月30日,中华人民共和国十三届全国人大常委会第二十七次会议通过新修订的《中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法附件一香港特别行政区行政长官的产生办法》、《中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法附件二香港特别行政区立法会的产生办法和表决程序》。此次修改完善香港选举制度的主要内容包括:一是重新构建香港特别行政区选举委员会并增加赋权。二是行政长官候选人提名采用“双提名”机制。三是立法会议员总数由70人增至90人,通过选委会选举、功能团体选举、分区直接选举等三种方式选举产生,其中选委会选举的议员占据较大比例。四是设立候选人资格审查委员会,负责审查并确认选举委员会委员候选人、立法会议员候选人和行政长官候选人的资格,完善有关审查机制,对有关人士从参选、竞选到当选后的表现进行全流程监督审查。

  On March 11, 2021, the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China approved the Decision of NPC on Improving the Electoral System of the Hong Kong SAR. On March 30, 2021, the 27th Meeting of the 13th NPC Standing Committee approved the revisions to Annex I of the Basic Law on the Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive and Annex II of the Basic Law on the Method for the Formation of the Legislative Council and Its Voting Procedures. The revisions to Hong Kong’s electoral system mainly include the following measures: First, the Election Committee of the Hong Kong SAR has been reconstituted and invested with additional powers. Second, a dual nomination mechanism will be used to nominate the Chief Executive. Third, the number of seats on the Legislative Council has increased from 70 to 90. Legislative Council members will be returned by the Election Committee, by functional constituencies, and by geographical constituencies through direct elections, with the Legislative Council electing a relatively large number of seats. Fourth, a candidate eligibility review committee will be established. It will be responsible for reviewing and confirming the qualifications of Election Committee members, Legislative Council candidates, and Chief Executive candidates. Relevant review mechanisms will also be improved to ensure full-process oversight and review of the conduct of relevant persons when running for office, contesting elections, and after their election.

  (Excerpts from Improving Hong Kong’s Electoral System to Implement the Principle of “Patriots Administering Hong Kong” and Ensure the Steady and Sustained Institution of “One Country, Two Systems” by the Office of the Central Leading Group for Hong Kong and Macao Affairs and the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, Qiushi Journal, No. 03, 2021)

  来源:《求是》英文版

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